Trait std::ascii::AsciiExt1.0.0 [] [src]

pub trait AsciiExt {
    type Owned;
    fn is_ascii(&self) -> bool;
fn to_ascii_uppercase(&self) -> Self::Owned;
fn to_ascii_lowercase(&self) -> Self::Owned;
fn eq_ignore_ascii_case(&self, other: &Self) -> bool;
fn make_ascii_uppercase(&mut self);
fn make_ascii_lowercase(&mut self); fn is_ascii_alphabetic(&self) -> bool { ... }
fn is_ascii_uppercase(&self) -> bool { ... }
fn is_ascii_lowercase(&self) -> bool { ... }
fn is_ascii_alphanumeric(&self) -> bool { ... }
fn is_ascii_digit(&self) -> bool { ... }
fn is_ascii_hexdigit(&self) -> bool { ... }
fn is_ascii_punctuation(&self) -> bool { ... }
fn is_ascii_graphic(&self) -> bool { ... }
fn is_ascii_whitespace(&self) -> bool { ... }
fn is_ascii_control(&self) -> bool { ... } }

Extension methods for ASCII-subset only operations.

Be aware that operations on seemingly non-ASCII characters can sometimes have unexpected results. Consider this example:

use std::ascii::AsciiExt;

assert_eq!("café".to_ascii_uppercase(), "CAFÉ");
assert_eq!("café".to_ascii_uppercase(), "CAFé");Run

In the first example, the lowercased string is represented "cafe\u{301}" (the last character is an acute accent combining character). Unlike the other characters in the string, the combining character will not get mapped to an uppercase variant, resulting in "CAFE\u{301}". In the second example, the lowercased string is represented "caf\u{e9}" (the last character is a single Unicode character representing an 'e' with an acute accent). Since the last character is defined outside the scope of ASCII, it will not get mapped to an uppercase variant, resulting in "CAF\u{e9}".

Associated Types

Container type for copied ASCII characters.

Required Methods

Checks if the value is within the ASCII range.

Examples

use std::ascii::AsciiExt;

let ascii = 'a';
let non_ascii = '❤';
let int_ascii = 97;

assert!(ascii.is_ascii());
assert!(!non_ascii.is_ascii());
assert!(int_ascii.is_ascii());Run

Makes a copy of the value in its ASCII upper case equivalent.

ASCII letters 'a' to 'z' are mapped to 'A' to 'Z', but non-ASCII letters are unchanged.

To uppercase the value in-place, use make_ascii_uppercase.

To uppercase ASCII characters in addition to non-ASCII characters, use str::to_uppercase.

Examples

use std::ascii::AsciiExt;

let ascii = 'a';
let non_ascii = '❤';
let int_ascii = 97;

assert_eq!('A', ascii.to_ascii_uppercase());
assert_eq!('❤', non_ascii.to_ascii_uppercase());
assert_eq!(65, int_ascii.to_ascii_uppercase());Run

Makes a copy of the value in its ASCII lower case equivalent.

ASCII letters 'A' to 'Z' are mapped to 'a' to 'z', but non-ASCII letters are unchanged.

To lowercase the value in-place, use make_ascii_lowercase.

To lowercase ASCII characters in addition to non-ASCII characters, use str::to_lowercase.

Examples

use std::ascii::AsciiExt;

let ascii = 'A';
let non_ascii = '❤';
let int_ascii = 65;

assert_eq!('a', ascii.to_ascii_lowercase());
assert_eq!('❤', non_ascii.to_ascii_lowercase());
assert_eq!(97, int_ascii.to_ascii_lowercase());Run

Checks that two values are an ASCII case-insensitive match.

Same as to_ascii_lowercase(a) == to_ascii_lowercase(b), but without allocating and copying temporaries.

Examples

use std::ascii::AsciiExt;

let ascii1 = 'A';
let ascii2 = 'a';
let ascii3 = 'A';
let ascii4 = 'z';

assert!(ascii1.eq_ignore_ascii_case(&ascii2));
assert!(ascii1.eq_ignore_ascii_case(&ascii3));
assert!(!ascii1.eq_ignore_ascii_case(&ascii4));Run

Converts this type to its ASCII upper case equivalent in-place.

ASCII letters 'a' to 'z' are mapped to 'A' to 'Z', but non-ASCII letters are unchanged.

To return a new uppercased value without modifying the existing one, use to_ascii_uppercase.

Examples

use std::ascii::AsciiExt;

let mut ascii = 'a';

ascii.make_ascii_uppercase();

assert_eq!('A', ascii);Run

Converts this type to its ASCII lower case equivalent in-place.

ASCII letters 'A' to 'Z' are mapped to 'a' to 'z', but non-ASCII letters are unchanged.

To return a new lowercased value without modifying the existing one, use to_ascii_lowercase.

Examples

use std::ascii::AsciiExt;

let mut ascii = 'A';

ascii.make_ascii_lowercase();

assert_eq!('a', ascii);Run

Provided Methods

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (ascii_ctype #39658)

Checks if the value is an ASCII alphabetic character: U+0041 'A' ... U+005A 'Z' or U+0061 'a' ... U+007A 'z'. For strings, true if all characters in the string are ASCII alphabetic.

Examples

#![feature(ascii_ctype)]
use std::ascii::AsciiExt;
let A = 'A';
let G = 'G';
let a = 'a';
let g = 'g';
let zero = '0';
let percent = '%';
let space = ' ';
let lf = '\n';
let esc = '\u{001b}';

assert!(A.is_ascii_alphabetic());
assert!(G.is_ascii_alphabetic());
assert!(a.is_ascii_alphabetic());
assert!(g.is_ascii_alphabetic());
assert!(!zero.is_ascii_alphabetic());
assert!(!percent.is_ascii_alphabetic());
assert!(!space.is_ascii_alphabetic());
assert!(!lf.is_ascii_alphabetic());
assert!(!esc.is_ascii_alphabetic());Run

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (ascii_ctype #39658)

Checks if the value is an ASCII uppercase character: U+0041 'A' ... U+005A 'Z'. For strings, true if all characters in the string are ASCII uppercase.

Examples

#![feature(ascii_ctype)]
use std::ascii::AsciiExt;
let A = 'A';
let G = 'G';
let a = 'a';
let g = 'g';
let zero = '0';
let percent = '%';
let space = ' ';
let lf = '\n';
let esc = '\u{001b}';

assert!(A.is_ascii_uppercase());
assert!(G.is_ascii_uppercase());
assert!(!a.is_ascii_uppercase());
assert!(!g.is_ascii_uppercase());
assert!(!zero.is_ascii_uppercase());
assert!(!percent.is_ascii_uppercase());
assert!(!space.is_ascii_uppercase());
assert!(!lf.is_ascii_uppercase());
assert!(!esc.is_ascii_uppercase());Run

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (ascii_ctype #39658)

Checks if the value is an ASCII lowercase character: U+0061 'a' ... U+007A 'z'. For strings, true if all characters in the string are ASCII lowercase.

Examples

#![feature(ascii_ctype)]
use std::ascii::AsciiExt;
let A = 'A';
let G = 'G';
let a = 'a';
let g = 'g';
let zero = '0';
let percent = '%';
let space = ' ';
let lf = '\n';
let esc = '\u{001b}';

assert!(!A.is_ascii_lowercase());
assert!(!G.is_ascii_lowercase());
assert!(a.is_ascii_lowercase());
assert!(g.is_ascii_lowercase());
assert!(!zero.is_ascii_lowercase());
assert!(!percent.is_ascii_lowercase());
assert!(!space.is_ascii_lowercase());
assert!(!lf.is_ascii_lowercase());
assert!(!esc.is_ascii_lowercase());Run

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (ascii_ctype #39658)

Checks if the value is an ASCII alphanumeric character: U+0041 'A' ... U+005A 'Z', U+0061 'a' ... U+007A 'z', or U+0030 '0' ... U+0039 '9'. For strings, true if all characters in the string are ASCII alphanumeric.

Examples

#![feature(ascii_ctype)]
use std::ascii::AsciiExt;
let A = 'A';
let G = 'G';
let a = 'a';
let g = 'g';
let zero = '0';
let percent = '%';
let space = ' ';
let lf = '\n';
let esc = '\u{001b}';

assert!(A.is_ascii_alphanumeric());
assert!(G.is_ascii_alphanumeric());
assert!(a.is_ascii_alphanumeric());
assert!(g.is_ascii_alphanumeric());
assert!(zero.is_ascii_alphanumeric());
assert!(!percent.is_ascii_alphanumeric());
assert!(!space.is_ascii_alphanumeric());
assert!(!lf.is_ascii_alphanumeric());
assert!(!esc.is_ascii_alphanumeric());Run

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (ascii_ctype #39658)

Checks if the value is an ASCII decimal digit: U+0030 '0' ... U+0039 '9'. For strings, true if all characters in the string are ASCII digits.

Examples

#![feature(ascii_ctype)]
use std::ascii::AsciiExt;
let A = 'A';
let G = 'G';
let a = 'a';
let g = 'g';
let zero = '0';
let percent = '%';
let space = ' ';
let lf = '\n';
let esc = '\u{001b}';

assert!(!A.is_ascii_digit());
assert!(!G.is_ascii_digit());
assert!(!a.is_ascii_digit());
assert!(!g.is_ascii_digit());
assert!(zero.is_ascii_digit());
assert!(!percent.is_ascii_digit());
assert!(!space.is_ascii_digit());
assert!(!lf.is_ascii_digit());
assert!(!esc.is_ascii_digit());Run

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (ascii_ctype #39658)

Checks if the value is an ASCII hexadecimal digit: U+0030 '0' ... U+0039 '9', U+0041 'A' ... U+0046 'F', or U+0061 'a' ... U+0066 'f'. For strings, true if all characters in the string are ASCII hex digits.

Examples

#![feature(ascii_ctype)]
use std::ascii::AsciiExt;
let A = 'A';
let G = 'G';
let a = 'a';
let g = 'g';
let zero = '0';
let percent = '%';
let space = ' ';
let lf = '\n';
let esc = '\u{001b}';

assert!(A.is_ascii_hexdigit());
assert!(!G.is_ascii_hexdigit());
assert!(a.is_ascii_hexdigit());
assert!(!g.is_ascii_hexdigit());
assert!(zero.is_ascii_hexdigit());
assert!(!percent.is_ascii_hexdigit());
assert!(!space.is_ascii_hexdigit());
assert!(!lf.is_ascii_hexdigit());
assert!(!esc.is_ascii_hexdigit());Run

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (ascii_ctype #39658)

Checks if the value is an ASCII punctuation character:

U+0021 ... U+002F ! " # $ % & ' ( ) * + , - . / U+003A ... U+0040 : ; < = > ? @ U+005B ... U+0060 [ \\ ] ^ _ ` U+007B ... U+007E { | } ~

For strings, true if all characters in the string are ASCII punctuation.

Examples

#![feature(ascii_ctype)]
use std::ascii::AsciiExt;
let A = 'A';
let G = 'G';
let a = 'a';
let g = 'g';
let zero = '0';
let percent = '%';
let space = ' ';
let lf = '\n';
let esc = '\u{001b}';

assert!(!A.is_ascii_punctuation());
assert!(!G.is_ascii_punctuation());
assert!(!a.is_ascii_punctuation());
assert!(!g.is_ascii_punctuation());
assert!(!zero.is_ascii_punctuation());
assert!(percent.is_ascii_punctuation());
assert!(!space.is_ascii_punctuation());
assert!(!lf.is_ascii_punctuation());
assert!(!esc.is_ascii_punctuation());Run

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (ascii_ctype #39658)

Checks if the value is an ASCII graphic character: U+0021 '@' ... U+007E '~'. For strings, true if all characters in the string are ASCII punctuation.

Examples

#![feature(ascii_ctype)]
use std::ascii::AsciiExt;
let A = 'A';
let G = 'G';
let a = 'a';
let g = 'g';
let zero = '0';
let percent = '%';
let space = ' ';
let lf = '\n';
let esc = '\u{001b}';

assert!(A.is_ascii_graphic());
assert!(G.is_ascii_graphic());
assert!(a.is_ascii_graphic());
assert!(g.is_ascii_graphic());
assert!(zero.is_ascii_graphic());
assert!(percent.is_ascii_graphic());
assert!(!space.is_ascii_graphic());
assert!(!lf.is_ascii_graphic());
assert!(!esc.is_ascii_graphic());Run

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (ascii_ctype #39658)

Checks if the value is an ASCII whitespace character: U+0020 SPACE, U+0009 HORIZONTAL TAB, U+000A LINE FEED, U+000C FORM FEED, or U+000D CARRIAGE RETURN. For strings, true if all characters in the string are ASCII whitespace.

Rust uses the WhatWG Infra Standard's definition of ASCII whitespace. There are several other definitions in wide use. For instance, the POSIX locale includes U+000B VERTICAL TAB as well as all the above characters, but—from the very same specification—the default rule for "field splitting" in the Bourne shell considers only SPACE, HORIZONTAL TAB, and LINE FEED as whitespace.

If you are writing a program that will process an existing file format, check what that format's definition of whitespace is before using this function.

Examples

#![feature(ascii_ctype)]
use std::ascii::AsciiExt;
let A = 'A';
let G = 'G';
let a = 'a';
let g = 'g';
let zero = '0';
let percent = '%';
let space = ' ';
let lf = '\n';
let esc = '\u{001b}';

assert!(!A.is_ascii_whitespace());
assert!(!G.is_ascii_whitespace());
assert!(!a.is_ascii_whitespace());
assert!(!g.is_ascii_whitespace());
assert!(!zero.is_ascii_whitespace());
assert!(!percent.is_ascii_whitespace());
assert!(space.is_ascii_whitespace());
assert!(lf.is_ascii_whitespace());
assert!(!esc.is_ascii_whitespace());Run

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (ascii_ctype #39658)

Checks if the value is an ASCII control character: U+0000 NUL ... U+001F UNIT SEPARATOR, or U+007F DELETE. Note that most ASCII whitespace characters are control characters, but SPACE is not.

Examples

#![feature(ascii_ctype)]
use std::ascii::AsciiExt;
let A = 'A';
let G = 'G';
let a = 'a';
let g = 'g';
let zero = '0';
let percent = '%';
let space = ' ';
let lf = '\n';
let esc = '\u{001b}';

assert!(!A.is_ascii_control());
assert!(!G.is_ascii_control());
assert!(!a.is_ascii_control());
assert!(!g.is_ascii_control());
assert!(!zero.is_ascii_control());
assert!(!percent.is_ascii_control());
assert!(!space.is_ascii_control());
assert!(lf.is_ascii_control());
assert!(esc.is_ascii_control());Run

Implementors